Autonomous eXchange packages for Interoperable Systems

Jointly with the IASA-OK strategic taskforce (International Association for Sound and Audiovisual Archives – Organizing Knowledge), TITAN has conducted a 8 years of conceptual and prototyping research on a conceptual model coping with the evolution of the place of the archives in the digital semantic era; coping with the incorporation of the old analog archives and coping with the Internet of Things.

The research started in 2006 by collaboration with the UNESCO in the Memories project consortium, one of whose objectives was to achieve such a conceptual model that could meet the real needs of the Memory of the World program. For many reasons, especially at this time pending for a set of semantic technologies standards (especially the Semantic Web), this conceptual model could not be completed as part of this project. Today, these semantic standards are available as open and internationally recognized standards and as implemented open source software.

This conceptual model which corresponds to the original objectives and carries open implementations (partial or complete) has been developed in an Eureka CelticPlus Projects (MediaMap 2008/2011 & MediaMap + 2012/2014.)

The NPO is publishing the results of all those works into two complementary deliverables:

  • An abstract presenting the concepts of the AXIS-CSRM initiative to define an open pivot format, flexible and interoperable, suitable for the construction of persistent archives and effective exchange between independent and heterogeneous database systems. This document highlights the generic, functional and data models in order to contribute to the "Memory of the World" (MoW) workshop of UNESCO on 20 & 21 April.
  • AXIS-CSRM ["Autonomous packages eXchange for Interoperable Systems" - "Conceptual Semantic Reference Model"] expressed in documents that are going to be finalized in two languages (English and French), and will be translated afterwards into other languages. This conceptual model which corresponds to the original objectives. It includes guidelines for the location and management of archives in a mixed analog and digital world where existence, representation and contextualization of Documentary Heritage can be insured properly. This Documentary Heritage concerns not only the usual physical documents (books, codices and other artifacts), but also the “signified” expressed therein and Documentary Heritage sets available in libraries. The model includes the pragmatic empowering of the ISO/OAIS model by a clever use of the semantic technologies, a refurbishing and generalization of the FRBR standard and incorporation of the PREMIS with build-in Rights Managements and Rights contracts expressed in semantics.
  • A validation of the conceptual model through prototype software which carries implementations (partial for some aspects and complete for others) developed in an second Eureka CelticPlus Project (MediaMap+ 2012/2014.)


End of September 2016, the Be MoW (the Memory of the World program Committee in Belgium) has produced a contribution to the UNESCO’s Online Consultation (June to October, 2016).

IASA and TITAN with support of the UER/EBU have made a draft proposal of collaboration with the UNESCO MoW in the “Organizing Knowledge” named AXIS-OK 

This proposal describes a way of organizing the UNESCO’s Registers as multilevel semantic networks and linking to networkable ‘Event Driven’ semantic objects. The MoW program encourages States or Regions to conduct similar programs at their level for covering ‘documentary heritage’ of local value and to establish a network of these registers. Further, the MoW makes recommendations for ensuring that the content of these documents mentioned on the registers will be accessible and understandable (cultural interoperability) at world level, independently of the moments, places, local languages ….

This could be seen as an implementation of a ‘Proof of Concept’ which could be used for illustrating practical recommendations to ensure ‘cultural interoperability’. The proposed approach is to use the semantic technologies for constructing & linking the registers and for representing each ‘documentary heritage’ as an ‘event-driven’ network of Registers, Structures, Documents and Configuration management data. The key associated concepts such as the clean semantic cutting, the clean semantic gluing, the Linked open Data; the embedding the Rights and the resolving of resources and objects will also be introduced.

Project presented at PASIG (Preservation and Archiving Special Interest Group) - New York - MoMA [Museum of Modern Art] 26 to 28 October 2016